NASA’s one-year mission investigates how space affects astronauts’ functional performance

Astronomy
Adapting to the microgravity environment of space changes the way your brain interprets sensory signals, decreases muscle strength and alters cardiovascular function. Astronauts will need to overcome these changes to perform critical mission tasks on a journey to Mars. Simple tasks on Earth such as exiting a ...

Celebrity fossil reveals all for science

Paleontolgy
With the help of an artist, a geology professor at Lund University in Sweden has figuratively speaking breathed life into one of science’s most well-known fossil species; Agnostus pisiformis. The trilobite-like arthropod lived in huge numbers in Scandinavia a half-billion years ago. Today, this extinct species provides ...

To Improve smartphone privacy, control access to third-party libraries

Informatics
PITTSBURGH– Smartphone apps that share users’ locations, contacts and other sensitive information with third parties often do so through a relative handful of services called third-party libraries, suggesting a new strategy for protecting privacy, Carnegie Mellon University researchers say. Controlling access to these third-party libraries, which help ...

A sweeter way to make green products

Chemistry
The shampoo you washed your hair with this morning. The balloons for the party. Refrigerators and sunglasses, medicine and mosquito repellent, guitar strings and fishing lures. These — and thousands of other products we use every day — contain chemicals made from petroleum. But researchers at the ...

New software can detect when people text and drive

Informatics
Computer algorithms developed by engineering researchers at the University of Waterloo can accurately determine when drivers are texting or engaged in other distracting activities. The system uses cameras and artificial intelligence (AI) to detect hand movements that deviate from normal driving behaviour and grades or classifies them ...

Later circadian timing of food intake is associated with increased ...

Medicine
Weight gain and obesity has been described as an epidemic and a complex problem in the United States. Previous research has linked poor diet to weight gain and high body fat, and eating later in the day has also been described as a risk factor for weight ...

Are you barking up the wrong tree by sleeping with ...

More Science
SCOTTSDALE, Arizona — Let sleeping dogs lie … in the bedroom. That’s according to a new Mayo Clinic study that’s sure to set many tails wagging. It’s no secret that Americans love their dogs. According to the American Veterinary Association, more than 40 million American households have ...

Algorithm uses Instagram posts to advise tourists on attractions most ...

Informatics
Programmers from ITMO University created a computer algorithm that allows tourists to find places of interest that are most popular with locals based on their instagram posts. To test the algorithm, the team analyzed Instagram photos taken in Saint Petersburg and compiled a list of museums, cafes, ...
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  • Fishing has caused numbers of old fish to drop September 19, 2017
    In dozens of fish populations around the world, the number of old fish has gone down, mainly due to the pressure of fishing, new research suggests. Like old-growth trees in a forest, old fish in the ocean play important roles in the diversity and stability of marine ecosystems. Critically, the longer a fish is allowed […]
  • Farewell: Cassini made its final plunge to Saturn September 18, 2017
    When NASA’s Cassini spacecraft careened to its final destination in the upper atmosphere of Saturn this morning, it ended a journey of 4.9 billion miles and just one month shy of 20 years in space. The spacecraft’s fateful dive was the final beat in the mission’s Grand Finale—22 weekly dives, begun in late April, through […]