Artificial intelligence applied to the genome identifies an unknown human ...

Biology
By combining deep learning algorithms and statistical methods, investigators from the Institute of Evolutionary Biology (IBE), the Centro Nacional de Análisis Genómico (CNAG-CRG) of the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG) and the Institute of Genomics at the University of Tartu have identified, in the genome of Asiatic individuals, the footprint ...

Scientists turn carbon emissions into usable energy

Engineering
A recent study, affiliated with UNIST has developed a system that produces electricity and hydrogen (H2) while eliminating carbon dioxide (CO2), which is the main contributor of global warming. Published This breakthrough has been led by Professor Guntae Kim in the School of Energy and Chemical Engineering at UNIST in ...

A new low-latency congestion control for cellular networks

Informatics
Heavy traffic on narrow roads could be one of the leading causes of traffic congestion and this applies to communication networks, as well. If more data is collected than the allowed data capacity, communication latency appears. This has a devastating effect on the 5G-based internet services, such as self-driving cars, ...

Mystery orbits in outermost reaches of solar system not caused ...

Astronomy
The strange orbits of some objects in the farthest reaches of our solar system, hypothesised by some astronomers to be shaped by an unknown ninth planet, can instead be explained by the combined gravitational force of small objects orbiting the Sun beyond Neptune, say researchers. The alternative explanation to the ...

Scientists forecast where is the highly invasive fall armyworm to ...

Ecology
Known to be feeding on many economically important crops cultured across the world, including maize, rice, sugarcane, sorghum, beet, tomato, potato, cotton and pasture grasses, the larvae of the native to the Americas fall armyworm moth seem to have already found a successful survival strategy in a diverse and changing ...

Drones shown to make traffic crash site assessments safer, faster ...

Informatics
Idling in a long highway line of slowed or stopped traffic on a busy highway can be more than an inconvenience for drivers and highway safety officers. It is one of the most vulnerable times for “secondary accidents,” which often can be worse than an original source of the slowdown, ...

Climate change will turn the tropics into temperate zones

Ecology
Every month or two, a massive pulse of clouds, rainfall and wind moves eastward around the Earth near the equator, providing the tropics their famous thunderstorms. This band of recurring weather, first described by scientists in 1971, is called the Madden-Julian Oscillation. It has profound effects on weather in distant ...

What makes two species different?

Biology
Most evolutionary biologists distinguish one species from another based on reproductivity: members of different species either won’t or can’t mate with one another, or, if they do, the resulting offspring are often sterile, unviable, or suffer some other sort of reduced fitness. For most of the 20th century, scientists believed ...
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  • Are we doomed to repeat prehistoric vegetation loss? 2018-09-08
    Unless we reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the current warming from climate change may drive a dramatic shift in vegetation within the next 100-150 years, according to new research. The change could match the one seen as the last ice age came to an end and the planet warmed, researchers say. “We found that ecosystems all […]
  • Reserve half of Earth for wildlife? Not so fast 2018-09-07
    While some scientists have suggested we need to protect half of Earth’s surface to preserve most of its species, new research indicates that quality, not just quantity, is vital for effective conservation efforts. “There’s a lot of discussion about protecting ‘Half Earth’ as a minimum to protect biodiversity. The challenge is, which half do we […]