500-year-old Leaning Tower of Pisa mystery unveiled by engineers

Engineering
 Why has the Leaning Tower of Pisa survived the strong earthquakes that have hit the region since the middle ages? This is a long-standing question a research group of 16 engineers has investigated, including a leading expert in earthquake engineering and soil-structure interaction from the University of ...

New software, HyperTools, transforms complex data into visualizable shapes

Informatics
  HANOVER, N.H. – May 7, 2018 – Every dataset in the observable universe has a fundamental geometry or shape to it, but that structure can be highly complicated. To make it easier to visualize complicated datasets, a Dartmouth research team has created HyperTools— an open-source software ...

Can this invasive exotic pest make better materials for industry ...

Engineering
 IMAGE:  Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have combined derivatives of two surplus materials–wood pulp and dried-up pieces of an invasive exotic pest–to form a new composite material that is flexible, sustainable, nontoxic and UV light-reflective. The material, described in a new paper ...

New evidence that bullfrogs are to blame for deadly fungus ...

Ecology
In the 1890s, settlers crossed the Rocky Mountains seeking new opportunities — and bearing frogs. A new study coauthored by a San Francisco State University biology professor draws a link between that introduction of American bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) to the western half of the United States with ...

Women’s preference for masculine faces not linked with hormones

Antropology
  Data from almost 600 participants show that women’s perceptions of male attractiveness do not vary according to their hormone levels, in contrast with some previous research. The study findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. “We found no evidence ...

May the forest be with you: GEDI moves toward launch ...

Astronomy
A first-of-its-kind laser instrument designed to map the world’s forests in 3-D is moving toward an earlier launch to the International Space Station than previously expected. The Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation – or GEDI, pronounced like “Jedi,” of Star Wars fame – instrument is undergoing final integration ...

Why plants are so sensitive to gravity: The lowdown

More Science
  If you tilt a plant, it will alter its growth to bend back upwards. But how does it detect the inclination? With cellular clinometers: cells filled with microscopic grains of starch called statoliths. In each of these cells, the pile of statoliths settles to the bottom. ...

Hubble detects helium in the atmosphere of an exoplanet for ...

Astronomy
  Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have detected helium in the atmosphere of the exoplanet WASP-107b. This is the first time this element has been detected in the atmosphere of a planet outside the Solar System. The discovery demonstrates the ability to use infrared spectra ...
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  • World’s most powerful camera can spot planets drowned by starlight May 16, 2018
      A new, incredibly powerful camera called DARKNESS can take pictures of planets close to bright, nearby stars that would normally obscure them. Somewhere in the vastness of the universe another habitable planet likely exists. And it may not be that far—astronomically speaking—from our own solar system. Distinguishing that planet’s light from its star, however, […]
  • How a hotter early Earth became the rocky planet it is today May 15, 2018
      New research supports the theory that the early Earth was highly volcanically active, and that evidence of its violent transition to plate tectonics is still visible today. “Geology is built upon an idea, uniformitarianism, that we can study geological processes occurring today and use these to understand how the Earth works at timescales of […]